With the 2028 presidential election cycle soon ramping up, the nation may be in for an unprecedented political environment shaped by Donald Trump’s newly-completed second term from 2024-2028. While it’s impossible to predict the future with certainty, here are some of the issues and dynamics that could define the discourse:

The Future of Democracy After Trump’s reelection in 2024 followed by an aggressive pursuit of policies centralizing federal power, the role and limits of presidential authority may be front and center. Concerns over democratic backsliding and threats to key institutions like an independent judiciary could drive many voters. Platforms focused on restoring checks and balances may prove popular.

National Identity and Demographics Trump’s hardline immigration policies like border walls and immigration bans continued his deeply polarizing approach on social issues. With the national demographic mosaic continuing to shift, matters of national identity, immigrant rights, and cultural integration or assimilation may emerge as hot-button issues in 2028.

Global Leadership and Alliances Trump’s “America First” foreign policy charted a highly isolationist course, straining longstanding military and trade alliances while cozying up to other nationalist powers. A new administration could seek to rebuild global leadership through alliance repair or further disruption.

The Economy and Labor With Trump’s economic policies favoring corporate tax cuts and deregulation, there could be debates around wealth inequality, the social safety net, and the future of work as AI/automation advances. Ambitious policy ideas like universal basic income may arise as responses.

Environmental Policy Should Trump ultimately reject or downplay climate change and emissions reductions, environmental issues could become a burning focus in 2028 as extreme weather, ecological degradation and resource scarcity become even more glaring. From Green New Deal-style proposals to carbon pricing schemes, sustainability and environmental justice may take center stage.

Of course, many of the political battle lines and central flashpoints will depend heavily on yet-unknown events in the next four years as well. Domestic and global crises, social movements, technological breakthroughs, and more could massively reshape the landscape. But the potential effects of an “eight-year Trump revolution” in policy and governance seem primed to make 2028 a pivotal election no matter what.